One Hundred Poems by One Hundred Poets
The Ogura hyakunin isshu is a collection of one hundred poems composed for the most part over a period of some three hundred years, from the early tenth to the early thirteenth century. The poems are assumed to have been selected by Fujiwara no Teika (or Sadaie, 1162-1241), the outstanding waka poet and critic of his day, although a number of textual issues exist.
Teika mentions in his diary, the Meigetsu-ki, being requested by his son Tameie to choose one hundred poems that, when transcribed onto rectangular strips of paper known as shikishi, could be used to decorate the door panels in the villa owned by Tameie's father-in-law Utsunomiya Yoritsuna near Mount Ogura on the outskirts of Kyoto (an alternative interpretation holds that the father-in-law made the selection, which was then transcribed by Teika).
First known as the Hyakunin isshu, the collection became the model for a variety of other similar anthologies, so the place name "Ogura" was subsequently added to distinguish it from the others. Yet such was the prestige of this particular collection that it eventually acquired definitive status, so that even now whenever one speaks of "the" Hyakunin isshu, it is the Ogura hyakunin isshu that is meant. Its influence and authority would be hard to overstate, and it seems safe to say that when the average Japanese thinks of waka, these are the ones that inevitably come to mind (they are, in fact, the first waka memorized by most schoolchildren).
For the translations, I have relied on several Japanese sources aimed chiefly at high school students studying for university exams. I have, of course, seen previous English translations of many of the poems, but I have deliberately avoided consulting them (and will continue to do so) when making these versions, which are as original as can reasonably be expected for this sort of translation.
Progress on these translations may be rather slow because of other obligations. Eventually they will get done, and the whole will be reviewed once more for accuracy and consistency before being presented as a complete set.